Beersheba, also spelled Beer-Sheva (; Hebrew: בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע Be'er Sheva [be.eʁˈʃeva]; Arabic: بئر السبع Bi'ir as-Sab [biːr esˈsabeʕ]), is the largest city in the Negev desert of southern Israel. Often referred to as the "Capital of the Negev", it is the center of the fourth most populous metropolitan area in Israel, the eighth most populous Israeli city with a population of 205,810, and the second largest city with a total area of 117,500 dunams (after Jerusalem).
With an ancient history, and long used as a bedouin encampment, the modern history of Beersheva began at the start of the 20th century when a permanent settlement was established by the Ottoman Turks. The Battle of Beersheba was part of a wider British offensive in World War I aimed at breaking the Turkish defensive line from Gaza to Beersheba. In 1947, Bir Seb'a (Arabic: بئر السبع), as it was known, was envisioned as part of the Arab state in the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine. Following the declaration of...Wikipedia (
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